Knowing the role of stem cells in the first step in understanding what stem cell therapy entails. Stem cells are biological cells that can continuously reproduce themselves. They are the repair system of the body through tissues, blood, and skin replenishment. Stem cells can be found in bone marrow, adipose tissue, blood, and the umbilical cord.
Since the 1970s, researchers have been involved with stem cell therapy which is used to treat or prevent disease. Stem cells were first used to grow skin grafts for burn victims and have more recently been used to repair damaged corneas. Bone marrow is the most common and most effective source of stem cells to treat these conditions. Stem cell therapy also aids those afflicted with leukemia, a blood cancer, which involves using stem cells from bone marrow to increase the amount of cells lost during treatment.
What are other possible diseases/conditions can be treated with stem cell therapy?
- Autoimmune diseases
- Transplant organ toleration
- Cerebral Palsy
- Heart failure
- Multiple Sclerosis
- Spinal Cord injuries
Researchers are still studying the many possibilities of stem cell therapy. Through replication, these cells promise rejuvenation and healing of damaged areas in the body. The above conditions are still undergoing clinical trials and testing to ensure positive results.