What is Stem Cell Therapy?

Superior Healthcare Stem Cell Therapy Stem Cell Therapy What is Stem Cell Therapy? SHCW Stem Cell Therapy 1 174070 256x300
Superior Healthcare Stem Cell Therapy

Knowing the role of stem cells in the first step in understanding what stem cell therapy entails. Stem cells are biological cells that can continuously reproduce themselves. They are the repair system of the body through tissues, blood, and skin replenishment. Stem cells can be found in bone marrow, adipose tissue, blood, and the umbilical cord.

Since the 1970s, researchers have been involved with stem cell therapy which is used to treat or prevent disease. Stem cells were first used to grow skin grafts for burn victims and have more recently been used to repair damaged corneas. Bone marrow is the most common and most effective source of stem cells to treat these conditions. Stem cell therapy also aids those afflicted with leukemia, a blood cancer, which involves using stem cells from bone marrow to increase the amount of cells lost during treatment.

What are other possible diseases/conditions can be treated with stem cell therapy?

  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Transplant organ toleration
  • Autism
  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Heart failure
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Arthritis
  • Spinal Cord injuries

Researchers are still studying the many possibilities of stem cell therapy. Through replication, these cells promise rejuvenation and healing of damaged areas in the body. The above conditions are still undergoing clinical trials and testing to ensure positive results.

What is Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP)?

Before we can discuss platelet-rich plasma, let’s break down the name into two parts. First, blood contains plasma, which is a pale yellow liquid component that houses blood cells. This plasma is a protein reserve of the human body and keeps electrolytes balanced while protecting the body from infection. Second are platelets, which are cells that help clot bleeding. They basically help plug the hole caused by a bodily injury. Therefore, platelet-rich plasma is blood plasma infused with a lot more platelets. PRP contains and releases different growth factors and cytokines that help with cell signaling. All of these stimulate the healing of bone and tissue. So the more there are, the faster the healing.

Today, we use this concept to encourage healing in those with injuries. Platelet-rich plasma therapy was first created in the 1970s but gained popularity two decades later. What does the process entail? First, blood is drawn from the patient. Then the blood’s platelets are separated from the rest of the cells and increased during a process called centrifugation. The amplified blood  is then injected back into the patient at the injured site. PRP, with its increase in growth factors, should then be able to speed recovery using the patient’s own blood.

What can be treated with PRP?

  • Tendon Injuries
  • Muscle Injuries
  • Post-Surgery Tissue Healing

Platelet-rich plasma therapy has been known to relieve pain while helping the body heal faster. However, researchers are still studying and learning about PRP and its capabilities, especially on knee arthritis and bone fractures.

What Can Regenerative Medicine Be Used For?

Regenerative medicine aims to restore and replenish damaged or worn tissue and organs using the body’s own cellular resources. Overall, this medicine is designed to cure otherwise untreatable diseases and injuries. The treatments of regenerative medicine include in vivo, which studies the stimulation of repairs inside the body, and in vitro, which implants a certain treatment directly inside the body.

What are its uses?

  • Cells
    Cellular therapies, including stem cells, act as a repair system for tissues lost to trauma, disease, and natural aging. For example, people suffering from leukemia need new cells because healthy ones were destroyed during treatment. These new cells most commonly come from bone marrow.
  • Artificial Organs
    This medicine has the capability of creating new body parts using a person’s own cells. These organs are lab grown and come directly from the cells of its host. So far, scientists have grown a bladder and trachea for implantation. Other possible organs for future creation are the heart, lungs, and liver.
  • Tissue
    Using a person’s own cells to create new ones allows a regrowth of damaged tissue. Scientists can regrow faulty heart valves without the risk of patient rejection while maintaining the organ’s function.

 

Regenerative medicine also allows researchers to test on lab-grown organs for drug development and personalized medicine advances. Furthermore, this ensures fewer test animals. Using the body’s own repair system, this alternative approach aims to heal bones, burns, blindness, deafness, joints, and more.